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Tuesday, August 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of Hypersensitivity reactions in guinea-pigs to some synthetic allergens. found in the catalog.

Hypersensitivity reactions in guinea-pigs to some synthetic allergens.

Helen Margaret Disney

Hypersensitivity reactions in guinea-pigs to some synthetic allergens.

by Helen Margaret Disney

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Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Birmingham, Department of Chemistry.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19632968M

  Tremendous advances in the understanding of the science behind allergy in man—now used synonymously with hypersensitivity, were made between and Notable were the studies by Prausnitz and Küstner who described the skin-sensitizing antibody that was responsible for many allergic reactions. Possible causes of a progesterone allergy. Researchers are still trying to determine why some women develop PH. One potential culprit is synethic progesterone in hormone birth control (including the Pill, patch, ring and progesterone-secreting IUD) and fertility treatments.

Allergic rhinitis and asthma frequently coexist; whether rhinitis and asthma result from the same allergic process (one-airway hypothesis) or rhinitis is a discrete asthma trigger is unclear. The numerous nonallergic forms of perennial rhinitis include infectious, vasomotor, drug-induced (eg, aspirin - or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Delayed-type hypersensitivity, originally thought to be limited to the tuberculin reaction, has been found during the last two decades to be associated with various other immunological phenomena such as resistance to certain infectious diseases, contact allergy, auto-allergic disorders and transplantation immunity.

In the early stages of allergy, a type I hypersensitivity reaction against an allergen, encountered for the first time, causes a response in a type of immune cell called a T H 2 lymphocyte, which belongs to a subset of T cells that produce a cytokine called interleukin-4 (IL-4). These T H 2 cells interact with other lymphocytes called B cells, whose role is the .   It means that the immune response from the four Hypersensitivity reactions of Allergy, Delayed Hypersensitivity, Serum Sickness to Autoimmunity are a CONTINUUM of the same thing. Most likely, left to themselves without a healthy host to begin with and without intervention, it would progress from any one starting point to the ultimate end.


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Hypersensitivity reactions in guinea-pigs to some synthetic allergens by Helen Margaret Disney Download PDF EPUB FB2

The hypersensitivity reactions of several synthetic dextran-polypeptides have been studied in guinea-pigs. Insulin, oxidized insulin peptide B and their dextran derivatives were found to cross-react.

Oxidized insulin peptide A did not cross-react with insulin or dextran-insulin peptide : S. Barker, C. Cruickshank, Helen M. Disney, P. Somers. Cytotoxic reactions are a form of immediate hypersensitivity, sometimes referred to as type II hypersensitivity. In these reactions, IgE and IgM are produced in response to stimulation by antigens.

The antibodies unite with the antigens in the bloodstream, but they also unite with analogous antigens on the surface of the human body's cells. Although much less marked in some, they indicated that these described changes were due to delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions (Fig.

No such reaction was observed in the lungs of unsensitized control guinea pigs exposed to the inhalation of PP D or in the lungs of sensitized animals not exposed to the inhalation of by:   Evidence in favor of a role for Langerhans cells in contact allergic hypersensitivity reactions has been reviewed.

This includes mononuclear cell to Langerhans cell apposition and damage to some Langerhans cells at sites of specific challenge to a variety of contact allergens.

Such apposition occurs in actively sensitized patients and guinea Cited by:   1. Introduction. In the industrialised nations, food allergy is a growing epidemic affecting all age groups and appearing at any time in life.

A marked increase in the incidence of food allergy in young children is of particular concern, with a reported 6–8% of young children and % of adults having some type of food allergy [1–3].Comparable to the trends first seen Cited by:   Report The role of langerhans cells in allergic contact hypersensitivity.

A review of findings in man and guinea pigs Inga Silberberg, Rudolf L. Baer, Stanley A. Rosenthal, Department of Dermatology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, U.

Department of Dermatology, New York University School of Medicine New York New York. Ovary, Immediate reaction in the skin of experimental animals provoked by antigenantibody interaction Progr. Allerg.

5: () M.W. Chase, Models for hypersensitivity studies In: Cellular and Humoral Aspects of the Hypersensitive States () Hoeber-Harper New York C.W. Johnson, Hypersensitivity to chemical allergens. Other reactions reported included asthma attacks (%) and gastrointestinal problems (%). Almost 5% of people said they suffered neurological symptoms (dizziness or fainting, for example); and.

Hypersensitivity reactions against heparins, heparinoids, and hirudins are well known and can induce different hypersensitivity reactions according to the classification by Coombs and Gell (Table (Table1) 1).

Immediate-type reactions (type I reactions), that is, generalized urticaria, angioedema, bronchospasm, and severe anaphylaxis are rare. Drug reactions vary greatly in severity and nature. Below is a description of the most commonly encountered reactions.

2 This chapter focuses on IgE-mediated allergic reactions. However, patients rarely may develop severe non-IgE-mediated immune drug reactions (e.g.

Steven Johnson Syndrome, acute interstitial nephritis). LEVINE BB, OJEDA A, BENACERRAF B. BASIS FOR THE ANTIGENICITY OF HAPTEN-POLY-L-LYSINE CONJUGATES IN RANDOM-BRED GUINEA PIGS. Nature. Nov 9; – SALVIN SB, SMITH RF. The specificity of allergic reactions.

Delayed versus Arthus hypersensitivity. J Exp Med. Apr 1; – [PMC free article] BENACERRAF B. Guinea pigs have routinely been utilized to assess local adverse reactions to ID injections due to their hypersensitivity responses.

49, 50 In the above guinea pig study, we observed local. A more delayed reaction, known clinically as type IV hypersensitivity to natural rubber latex, usually presents a reaction localized to the area of skin contact, thus the more common name of allergic contact dermatitis.1, 6, 7 This generally localized reaction is typically characterized by diffuse or patchy eczema on the contact area.

It is. Hypersensitivity reactions to some synthetic dextran polypeptides in guinea-pigs. Barker SA, Cruickshank CN, Disney HM, Somers PJ. Immunology, 23(5), 01 Nov Cited by: 0 articles | PMID: It is well known that synthetic food colours especially some azo dyes can provoke hypersensitivity reactions such as urticaria, angioneurotic oedema, and astma (Michaëlsson and Juhlin,Granholt and Thune, ).

Natural food colours are scarcely investigated with respect to potential allergic properties. An analysis of the effects of some types of anti-lymphocyte sera on contact hypersensitivity and certain models of inflammation.

Immunology. May; 14 (5)– [PMC free article] DEWECK AL, FREY JR, GELEICK H. SPECIFIC INHIBITION OF CONTACT DERMATITIS TO DINITROCHLOROBENZENE IN GUINEA PIGS BY INJECTION OF HAPTENS AND. Allergies only affect susceptible individuals (see DermNet NZ's page Allergies explained) whereas irritant reactions can affect anyone.

The prevalence of aeroallergens is quite variable from one region or country to another, depending on the climate, the local plants and animals, and the degree of pollution [3,4]. Causes of allergy to guinea pigs. An allergic reaction to animals, including allergies to guinea pigs, is considered to be a reaction of the human body to the scalp of their skin - that is, to hair.

Of course, there is some truth in this, because in the wool there is. Instead of ‘hypersensitivity’, deemed too ambiguous, they used the term ‘allergic reactions producing tissue damage’ to collectively name all of these reactions.

The classification divided these adverse allergic reactions into the types I to IV, based on initiating immune mechanisms. Therefore, all types were allergy.

Type IV allergy, known asdelayed-type hypersensitivity, or cell-mediated immune memory response, antibody-independent or contact allergy, is by far the most frequent type of allergy. It is defined as a cell-mediated delayed sensitization reaction (mediated by Langerhans cells and T-lymphocytes), and occurs after exposure to allergens for.

trol (non-adjuvant) guinea pigs regularly de-velop a modest hypersensitivity; whereas the latc-adjuvant treated guinea pigs acquire an intense sensitivity. In such cases the effect of adjuvant is to substantially amplify the in-duced hypersensitivity.2 2 The delayed hypersensitivity reactions to pro-teins that arc induced with adjuvant arc not.

You may not realize it, but guinea pig allergies are actually quite common. The primary source of guinea pig allergens is a protein in the animal's saliva and urine, though that protein can also be transmitted to a guinea pig's hair, skin, and dander.

If you're considering getting a guinea pig, it's a good idea to check if you're allergic first by handling one at a pet Views: 31K.The classification of allergic and hypersensitivity diseases was established by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) and the World Allergy Organization (WAO) in (1).

The definitions and concepts of allergic and hypersensitivity conditions beyond the allergy community have often created misunderstanding (2).